William Hinman Made Two Huge Revelations for the Crypto Marketplace
Posted by Laura Anthony, Esq. on July 02, 2018
William Hinman Made Two Huge Revelations for the Crypto Marketplace- Today is the continuation in a LawCast series talking about the latest guidance from the SEC on cryptocurrencies as a security. On June 14, 2018, William Hinman, the Director of the SEC Division of Corporation Finance, gave a speech at Yahoo Finance’s All Markets Summit in which he made two huge revelations for the crypto marketplace. The first is that he believes a cryptocurrency issued in a securities offering could later be purchased and sold in transactions not subject to the securities laws. The second is that Ether and Bitcoin are not currently securities. Also, for the first time, Hinman gives the marketplace guidance on how to structure a token or coin such that it might not be a security.
Although Mr. Hinman’s speech does not have legal authority, I am confident that the SEC will not raise the issue or question whether Bitcoin or Ether are a security in current and future registration statements or Regulation A offerings, at least until there is different legal authority than exists today. … And, there could be different legal authority in the future. I attended a Regulation A conference in New York in the beginning of June, and one of the panels was related to cyrptocurrencies. In addition to attorneys in the space, the panel included Anita Bandy, Assistant Director of the SEC Division of Enforcement. Referring to token or coin offerings, one of the panel members specifically stated that Ether is a security and Ms. Bandy did not correct him. Furthermore, at the end of the panel, I privately asked Ms. Bandy if it is her opinion that Ether is a security today. She politely refused to answer the question, letting me know that she couldn’t express an opinion on that without conferring with other SEC management. Two days later, Mr. Hinman gave his speech.
…. But, Mr. Hinman is Director of CorpFin and Ms. Bandy is part of the Division of Enforcement. Although I believe that the SEC divisions are communicating with each other on the very relevant and important subject of cryptocurrency, and have even issued joint statements on the subject, they are separate. Moreover, decoding Mr. Hinman’s statements further, he said, “… putting aside the fundraising that accompanied the creation of Ether…” This begs the question: What would happen if the SEC Division of Enforcement took action related to the initial fundraising and creation of Ether, and how would that impact the current status of Ether? My thought is that they are mutually exclusive. Ether is decentralized today and will continue its own course.
The SEC Division of Enforcement could take action similar to the Munchee, Inc. case where it settled the proceeding with no civil penalty. The SEC could also issue another report on Ether similar to the Section 21(a) Report on the DAO issued a year ago in July 2017, though I don’t know what new or different information it could add to that analysis. If Ether violated the federal securities laws at its issuance, it did so in the same way as the DAO, using the SEC v. W. J. Howey Co. test. Perhaps a new report could provide more guidance as to the analysis of when a crypto reaches a point where it is decentralized enough such that it no longer meets the parameters laid out in Howey, or that might be wishful thinking on my part.