Blockchain Legal Services, Implications, and Contracts
Posted by Attorney Laura Anthony on September 22, 2017
Blockchain Legal Services, Implications, and Contracts- In addition to the security of the underlying asset, there are security concerns with the network itself. The issue is more complex due to the decentralized nature of, and global access and participants to, the network. A DLT Network must have security for external and internal risks while maintaining the privacy of personal information for network participants.
Network participants will need to consider: (i) how DLT fits within their current recordkeeping framework including maintenance and backup systems; (ii) cybersecurity issues, including hacking, phishing, malware and other forms of threats and program and testing requirements; (iii) updating written supervisory procedures and policy procedures; and (iv) business controls for identity and transaction verification and fraud prevention.
Broker-dealers are currently exploring issuing and trading securities, facilitating automated actions such as dividend payments and maintaining transaction records on a DLT network. These areas are regulated by both the SEC and FINRA. The FINRA report points out the potential for a “paradigm shift for several traditional processes in the securities industry through the development of new business models and new practices incorporating DLT” that requires regulatory attention.
I personally believe this shift will occur in a shorter period of time than some others predict. I can see a time in the not-too-distant future where the role of transfer agents is minimalized or completely changed to a reviewer of opinion letters for legend removals; the DTC will be drastically changed and much less powerful; there will no longer be a separation between clearing firms and introducing brokers and all trades will clear instantaneously (t+0).
The FINRA report specifically discusses some major areas of consideration including: (i) customer funds and securities.